RESOURCES

tidy this up, not in priority order yet - just a dumping ground with haphazard notes

GLOBAL OVERVIEW
Providing Internet Search for Low Connectivity Regions by Bill Thies
http://cag.lcs.mit.edu/~thies/papers/tek-princeton07.pdf
slides


MISCELLANEOUS
http://www.cropscience.org.au/icsc2004/symposia/4/3/238_easdownwj.htm

compares uganda with australian farmers

Online extension services and online farmer groups are needed to overcome the mismatch between how farmers learn and the current Internet information provided to them.



NEPAL

http://www.nepalstudies.org/
http://www.nepalstudies.org/sitemap


Renewable Energy Project: Concept Paper on Community Energy Service Provider, March 2008 (pdf, 65 pp)

Guideline for Dissemination of Institutional Solar PV Systems, August 2002 (pdf, 32 pp)

"Solar Tuki" - a clean alternative to "wicked" kerosene lamp, July 2008
Environmental Camps for Conservation Awareness (ECCA) – Nepal
Kathmandu, Nepal
www.ecca.org.np

video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q1LjRcVygjg





POVERTY STATISTICS
Gapminder
http://www.gapminder.org/
provides some great visual representations of dry stats - africa and and some asian countries such as nepal are far worse than latin america
nepal $1052
peru $4670

energy.pdf
http://www.bus.umich.edu/FacultyResearch/ResearchCenters/ProgramsPartnerships/IT-Champions/Energy.pdf



OLPC TCO (over 5 years)

http://www.olpcnews.com/sales_talk/price/5_year_tco_computers_in_schools.html

it's a disputed figure
wayan vota $2700
tony anderson $437
winter


OTHER TECHNOLOGIES

OMPT (one media player per teacher)
http://www.ompt.org/


http://www.villagetelco.org/

http://www.villagetelco.org/ villagetelco/
This is an initiative to assemble/develop the cheapest, easiest to setup, easiest to manage, scalable, Open Source, standards-based, wireless local do-it-yourself telephone company toolkit in the world. The goal of the project is to render local telephony in developing countries to be so cheap as to be virtually free

http://www.villagetelco.org/ mesh-potato/
The Mesh Potato is the name of a piece of wireless telephony hardware and software that doesn't exist yet. It is a marriage of a low-cost wireless access point (AP) capable of running a mesh networking protocol and an Analog Telephony Adapter or ATA

David Rowe's blog
http://www.rowetel.com/blog/

He is particularly proud of this post: VOIP for nine year olds
http://www.rowetel.com/blog/? p=69



mobile phones
http://mobiled.uiah.fi/ idea of Teemu Leinonen might be of interest
the about page gives an overview
http://mobiled.uiah.fi/?page_id=96



http://www.grameenfoundation.org/what_we_do/technology_programs/village_phone/
village phone business


martin woodhouse articles

http://www.olpcnews.com/content/ebooks/50_dollar_olpc_ebook.html
http://www.olpcnews.com/content/ebooks/fifty_dollar_ebook_reader.html




TEK
http://tek.sourceforge.net/index.shtml
TEK empowers low-connectivity communities by providing a full Internet experience using email as the transport mechanism.
Compared to direct Web access, email can be much cheaper, more reliable and more convenient in developing areas. The TEK Client (TEK stands for "Time Equals Knowledge") operates as a proxy on the user's machine, enabling users to browse downloaded pages using a standard Web browser. New searches are automatically encoded as emails and sent to the TEK Server, which queries the Web and returns the contents of resulting pages via email.

PFNet
      • add some here


Some Feedback on Challenges and Impacts of OLPC (in the Pacific) pdf, 11pp
- David Leeming
Outlines a broad overview: Power Infrstructure, Communication, Governance, Teacher Training, Curriculum integration
Positive feedback from trials
DL: “I am increasingly seeing OLPC as a sort of transformational technology – not a phrase to be used lightly – due to its potential widespread impacts. First Secretary Seri Hegame rightly describes the OLPC as a human development program”
The educational section is full of jargon





Hole in the wall


ELECTRICITY COST

energy.pdf
http://www.bus.umich.edu/FacultyResearch/ResearchCenters/ProgramsPartnerships/IT-Champions/Energy.pdf



PEOPLE WHO ARE DOING OR THINKING ABOUT THESE ISSUES

Lee Felsenstein
advocates "one telecentre per village", which I now modify to "one computer per village", or OCPV
http://fonly.typepad.com/fonlyblog/2007/06/one_computer_pe.html

Telecentre operation involves the following capabilities:
....
An essential part of the package would be a source of electrical power. My approach is a 100 Watt system that keeps a 12 V lead-acid battery charged from a variety of sources, with pedal power as the backup. In addition to a robust pedal frame and an optimizing switching regulator, it needs enough microprocessor brains to run a little database system for keeping energy accounts. My experience shows that the people where it's installed will want to use it to charge other batteries as well, so the technology can't forbid that. Think of it as a small village power utility.
http://fonly.typepad.com/fonlyblog/2005/11/ok_wise_guy.html


Lee Felsenstein's design of a system that would serve to bring telecommunications and computer functions to remote villages without power or telephones (in 2000, before the OLPC)
http://fonly.typepad.com/fonlyblog/2006/10/what_is_the_jha.html




Robert Kozma
http://robertkozma.com/index.html

http://www.olpcnews.com/use_cases/business/olpc_xo_economic_development.html

I visited eight community telecenters in Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya; interviewed the managers, staff, and community users ...
I found computers in all the centers, but bicycles, books, cell phones, community radio stations, and video tapes were also used to obtain and share information. This information often related to farm practice and productivity: information on seeds, planting, fertilizing, weeding, and harvesting, as well as animal breeding, feeding, and treatment of diseases. Information on current market prices was also highly valued. But desired information also included that on water harvesting, energy efficiency, education, health, nutrition, culture, local news, and even national sports....
Based on my research in other rural villages, I recommended that the Sauri community learning resource center be equipped with a variety of means of obtaining information that was needed by the community. This included books, magazines, videos, and a single computer with access to the Internet....
the center should also use a low-wattage radio transmitter. They should also set up small satellite centers in various locations across the geographically dispersed set of villages that constitutes Sauri and equip them with a radio receiver and a cell phone that villagers can use to call into the telecenter with their questions.

http://robertkozma.com/images/kozma_millennium_villages_report.pdf
The Roles of Information, Communication, Technology, and Education in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals: Toward an African Knowledge Network
A Research Report in Support of the Millennium Villages Project and the People of Sauri, Kenya


KIOSKS INDIA
http://www.nri-home-coming.com/LC/nLogueKioskArticle.html

A day in the life of a village kiosk operator
Written in non-technical language, the article intends to give people a flavour of what access to the Internet can mean in the lives of people in rural India. The world that it opens up for them and the potential it has for bringing significant change in their lives is enormous. The article stays away from issues of connectivity, bandwidth and access devices and instead concentrates on the impact that this can create. n-Logue is a rural Internet service provider dedicated to providing Internet access to villages in India. It was incubated by Dr Ashok Jhunjhunwala and other alumni of IIT-Madras. What is written in the article is based on their work in the District of Madurai in Tamil Nadu, South India.


Jon Camfield
camfield:

In Nicaragua, a local firm called TecnoSol has partnered with an energy corporation, E+Co, to sell photovoltaics, (PVs, solar power cells) batteries, and training to rural farmers and entrepreneurs through a credit scheme. These PVs can cost up to $3,000 for the more powerful (and larger) cells; but for much of rural Nicaragua, there's simply no grid access, and a PV can mean light, water pumps, and even refrigeration for a farm or a store; which can greatly expand business potential (if you're the only place in walking distance with a cold beer, you will meet with success). So this model can scale up beyond relatively cheap cell phones to more expensive objects. This UMich study (PDF) goes into more detail on the Tecnosol/E+Co partnership.


http://joncamfield.com/blog/2008/03/rethinking_the_olpc_distributi.html




Martin Woodhouse
http://www.olpcnews.com/content/ebooks/50_dollar_olpc_ebook.html
A $50 one laptop per child ebook reader

http://www.olpcnews.com/content/ebooks/fifty_dollar_ebook_reader.html
Coming to you now: the fifty dollar ebook reader

Kerrblog

http://billkerr2.blogspot.com/2008/12/poverty-and-olpc-affordability_12.html
http://billkerr2.blogspot.com/2008/10/total-cost-of-ownership-xo-versus.html
http://billkerr2.blogspot.com/2008/09/one-media-player-per-teacher.html
http://billkerr2.blogspot.com/2008/07/olpc-pacific-rollout-links.html

Forster blog
http://tonyforster.blogspot.com/2007/08/thoughts-on-olpc-100-laptop.html